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Open Society european Policy Institute;
As the stalemate continues over a common set of rules on asylum within the European Union, "externalizing," "offshoring," "outsourcing" and, most recently, "regionalizing" asylum and migration management in non–European Union countries remain on the agenda. So does offshoring actually work? This brief takes a comparative look at offshoring asylum and migration management in Australia, Spain, Tunisia, and the United States, and lessons learned for the European Union.
This brief argues that government attempts to curb irregular migration may make it harder and more dangerous for those involved, but ultimately have little impact if the drivers and the demand for irregular migrants (in certain sectors of European countries' economies, for instance) remain unaltered. Offshoring won't be the silver bullet which will solve the European Union's migration conundrum. Instead, the notion of outsourcing asylum and migration to non-European countries, while politically expedient, will only continue to divert resources and time away from a sustainable, workable model of migration management; to undermine efforts to build genuine partnerships with non–European Union states; and to compromise European values in the process.
Human Rights Watch;
In 2016 Tunisia's parliament adopted the landmark law on the right of those taken intopolice custody to see a lawyer. As a result, detainees today are better protected against ill-treatment and forced confessions, but they still suffer from the authorities' failure to applythe law fully and consistently. This report gives a preliminary assessment of the implementation of the law, based on the interviews we conducted and the limited quantitative data available.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2016/17, selected for review under the women's empowerment thematic area. The evaluation took place in November 2016 in Tunisia, and intended to evaluate the success of the 'AMAL: Supporting Women's Transformative Leadership' project in increasing women's empowerment. The project 'AMAL: Supporting Women's Transformative Leadership' is a multi-country programme operating in Morocco, Tunisia, the Occupied Palestinian Territories and Yemen, with regional coordination from Lebanon. The results coming from this Effectiveness Review are not meant to be indicative of the overall impact of AMAL, but more a focused assessment for the Tunisia component. The AMAL project operating in Tunisia started in 2012, following the revolution of 2011, with the objective to increase women's awareness of their political and socio-economic rights, and support women to play a more active role in the political and socio-economic life of their community and country.
American University in Cairo, The;
This publication explores how shifts in the sociopolitical environment in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia manifested themselves in the philanthropic realm during an uncertain mid-point in the transitions. To what extent have both institutional and informal philanthropy evolved to keep up with the pace of escalating needs and expectations of the people? As those shifts continue in all three countries, with variations to be explored in each country chapter, the report encourages actors in the sector to take bolder steps from diagnostics to action.
Institute for Integrated Transitions;
Following the January 2011 revolt against President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali,Tunisia had its first exposure to the vast complex of international expert assistance for transitions. It was a new experience as well for international actors, many of whom had turned a blind eye or been denied full access to the country and were thus unfamiliar with its aspirations.
More than two years into Tunisia's transition, results have been mixed: growing ambivalence and confusion about roles and responsibilities prevail. Yet internationals can take simple measures to implement their activities more effectively, and nationals can become more directive in the relationship. This would put the transition on a better track, and help inspire more effective international engagement to replace the haphazard dynamics that persist in transitioning countries within and beyond the Arab world.
Internationals were immediately interested when Tunisia suddenly opened. They also had ample reason to respond in a way that reflected their own lessons learned -- from Central America, Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Southern Africa in the 1990s, to West Africa, South East Asia, Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s. But providing well-structured, organised expertise has proven difficult -- and in ways all too familiar.
IFIT studied Tunisia's experience with media, security sector and judicial reforms and youth employment. These are readily recognisable policy sectors that both nationals and internationals identified as priorities early in the country's transition. Developing a clear picture of dynamics within these sectors was nevertheless difficult, since international assistance efforts in each one overlapped with the broader fields of democracy, development, and rule of law. Yet the reported net effect was consistent: most Tunisians find the international influx confusing and, at times, overwhelming.
This report contains information about general assistance given as well as specifically in the areas of media reform, security sector reform, judicial reform, and youth employment.
Foundation for the Future;
How to support efficiently Tunisian CSOs in helping them spread democratic culture and position themselves as pivotal players for political reform in Tunisia?
This question can only be answered by undertaking a study of the situation of CSOs in Tunisia, highlighting the specific needs for capacity building in terms of their involvement in the process of reform and democracy, as well as by offering recommendations for possible fields of action that could be targeted for future cooperation programs. This study consists of: i) a mapping of the existing CSOs and their areas of activity, ii) a study of their current and potential contribution to sustainable development, through a strengthened political dialogue at all levels, iii) a study of the challenges and needs to identify for better capacity building, as well as possible solutions to achieve this.
This paper examines the contemporary role of Islamic philanthropy in promoting human wellbeing.
Center for Strategic and International Studies;
Outlines considerations for funders with respect to the development of human capital and strengthening civil society organizations, including the need for long-term, targeted, and sustained investment as well as funder restraint.
J. Paul Getty Trust;
Explains procedural requirements and technical components of a comprehensive survey of the city's historic buildings and neighborhoods designed to help guide planning, maintenance, and investment decisions. Discusses selected findings and best practices.
This book is a collection of articles on Women's networking across borders Cooperation, diaspora and migrations between Italy and the Middle East.