No result found
The protracted conflict in the Lake Chad Basin has cut off millions of women and men from their livelihoods, making them dependent on humanitarian assistance to survive. Much emphasis has been given to the stabilization agenda, with a focus on securitization. However, Oxfam's research in late 2017 showed that early recovery and livelihoods development are much needed and should be prioritized to promote resilience among crisis-affected communities, to reduce dependency on humanitarian aid, and ultimately to promote sustainable peace.
By analysing the approaches governments and donors are taking, we highlight ways in which progress is being made, and we call on decision-makers to shift mindsets, change ways of working, and invest now in effective integration to improve child health.
Building on last year's The missing ingredients report, this report highlights why WASH is essential for nutrition, and how this integration could be strengthened. Through an analysis of nutrition and WASH plans and policies in ten countries, we identify gaps and ways of working. The report highlights where there has been effective integration at the policy level and how improvements can be made. It also includes an analysis of donor initiatives and to what extent WASH has been incorporated in nutrition investments.
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council;
La présente étude sur la gestion de l'hygiène menstruelle (GHM) examine et analyse les comportements et les pratiques en matière de gestion de l'hygiène menstruelle et leur impact sur les conditions de vie des femmes et des filles sédentaires et nomades au Niger. L'étude été réalisée dans quatre régions du Niger: Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, et Tillabéri. Elle s'inscrit dans le cadre du programme conjoint du Conseil de concertation pour l'approvisionnement en eau et l'assainissement WSSCC et d'ONU Femmes « Genre, Hygiène et Assainissement » mené en Afrique de l'ouest et du centre.
Since 2009, millions of people in the Lake Chad Basin have been affected by a conflict originating in Nigeria. Over 2.6 million people have been displaced by the violent acts of a group popularly known as Boko Haram, and the military operation that has followed. Far from abating, the conflict has intensified and spilled over into neighbouring countries. Some 9.2 million people are now in immediate need of humanitarian assistance across Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon. Although this is Africa's fastest growing displacement crisis, the humanitarian impact has received scant international attention.This paper aims to give voice to people affected by the conflict. It calls for donors and the governments of the affected countries to do much more to provide help to people in need, as well as guarantee their safety, uphold their rights and allow immediate humanitarian access to areas that are currently receiving little to no assistance.
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council;
This study examines and analyses behaviours and practices for the management of menstrual hygiene and their impact on the living conditions of sedentary and nomadic women and girls in Niger. The study was carried out in the regions of Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua and Tillabéri under the Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation in West and Central Africa and implemented by WSSCC and UN Women. The findings of the study reveal various shortcomings, especially in rural areas and, more specifically, among nomadic populations. It highlights that women and girls can fully participate in society and the economy and lead active lives in school, work and leisure if they are better informed. The study also recommends that MHM needs to be clearly articulated in public policies and national strategies with associated budgets and monitoring systems.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2013/14, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation carried out in March 2014 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the project 'Improving Livelihoods through Integrated Water Resource Management in Niger'.
The project was carried out by Oxfam together with Karkara, a Nigerien non-governmental organisation, between 2008 and 2013, with the aim of enabling participants to strengthen their livelihoods and to minimize risk from shocks and adapt to emerging trends and uncertainty.
For more information, the data for this effectiveness review is available through the UK Data Service. Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA);
The financial exclusion of women is a global problem with 'more than 1.3 billion women in the world operating outside the formal financial system' (Demirguc-Kunt, Klapper & Singer, 2013: 2). This situation is mirrored in Africa where more than 70 percent of women are financially excluded and where women's access to finance and financial services is consistently behind that of their male counterparts (MFW4A, GIZ & New Faces New Voices, 2012). Accelerating women's financial inclusion thus requires bold and sustained action to advance women's economic opportunities and rights and to ensure that they can meaningfully participate in the economy without undue constraints and barriers that limit their progress.
This paper examines the persistent challenges women face in accessing finance and financial services, why gender-specific barriers exist and what they are, factors that will contribute to removing these barriers and why women require more innovative support from the financial sector to transcend these barriers and harness their full economic potential.
A case study on the CCRP-funded project "Sustaining Farmer-Managed Seed Initiatives in Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso".
World Resources Institute (WRI);
This report analyzes the growing body of evidence linking community forest rights with healthier forests and lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
This report makes a strong case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change.
This report deals with the issues, or rather, with the responses to the 2012 food crisis in the Sahel, from a gender perspective. The field research, which was conducted in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger, builds on past work and reflects the statements made by local people.
The report finds that household resilience is inconceivable without rural women. And further, households in which women have a greater stake in decision making regarding food are that much more resilient.
With continued food insecurity, the perception of the role of women in Sahelian society is evolving, with the concept of an ideal woman as one who has a greater involvement in taking care of household needs. The image of the woman who expects her husband to provide for everything seems to be increasingly a thing of the past.
Hindawi Publishing Corporation;
This study examined the impact of clean water supply, latrines, handwashing stations, and health promotion education on Nigerien school children's health.
Local food reserves can contribute to food security strategies and have the potential to empower communities. These collective initiatives are set up and owned by small-scale producers with the objective of increasing the availability and access to food, or of increasing income by managing the food-price cycle. But the rate of failure among local food reserves is high, largely as a result of climate and price risks, coupled with challenges linked to their design, planning and management
This research report analyses the possibility of developing a stabilisation fund as an effective price risk management tool to help local food reserves overcome their vulnerability to price cycle inversions. Four scenarios were considered and modelled on the basis of price data in a series of 12 cereal markets in Mali and Niger over a 15-year time span. The report concludes that the type of stabilisation fund outlined could represent a viable way of managing price risk in countries where the option of using market-based tools to tackle price risk is not available.
Related reports: First Line of Defence: Assessing the potential of local food reserves in the Sahel