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SIGN Network Manual for the Implementation of Standards for Fundraising.
Open Society Foundations;
This publication provides three case studies of the transition to domestic financing of HIV response in South Eastern Europe after the withdrawal of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. These case studies—of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia—are intended as a resource for funders, advocates, and policymakers interested in supporting civil society–led efforts and partnerships with government to ensure the sustainability of services during and after transition. The case studies illustrate the challenges of the transition process and highlight the need for external donors to make targeted investments in countries facing Global Fund withdrawal. Sustainability bridge funding, in the form of time-bound grants to civil society organizations in countries no longer eligible for Global Fund support or about to transition, have the potential to mitigate service interruptions and ensure civil society has a voice in the budget process as these countries take over responsibility for funding HIV response.
Taylor & Francis Group;
The communicable disease threats and changes that began emerging in south-east Europe in the early 1990s - after a decade of war and while political and health systems region-wide were undergoing dramatic changes - demanded a novel approach to infectious disease surveillance. Specifically, they called for an approach that was focused on cross-border collaboration and aligned with European Union standards and requirements. Thus, the Southeastern European Health Network (SEEHN) was established in 2001 as a cooperative effort among the governments of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In 2002, SEEHN initiated a communicable diseases project aimed at strengthening both national and regional surveillance systems with a focus on cross-border collaboration. Over time, SEEHN has nurtured growth of a regional fabric of SEE experts in communicable diseases surveillance and response who are able to discuss emerging issues and best practices at any time and without being constrained by the rigidity of traditional or existing systems. Main achievements to date include joint preparation of influenza pandemic preparedness plans at both national and regional levels and the introduction of molecular techniques into influenza surveillance laboratories region-wide. Here, we describe the history of the SEEHN communicable disease project; major activities and accomplishments; and future sustainability of the regional infectious disease surveillance network that has emerged and grown over the past decade.
Sharks and rays' abundance can decline considerably with fishing. Community changes, however, are more complex because of species interactions, and variable vulnerability and exposure to fishing. We evaluated long-term changes in the elasmobranch community of the Adriatic Sea, a heavily exploited Mediterranean basin where top-predators have been strongly depleted historically, and fishing developed unevenly between the western and eastern side. Combining and standardizing catch data from five trawl surveys from 1948 -- 2005, we estimated abundance trends and explained community changes using life histories, fish-market and effort data, and historical information. We identified a highly depleted elasmobranch community. Since 1948, catch rates have declined by .94% and 11 species ceased to be detected. The exploitation history and spatial gradients in fishing pressure explained most patterns in abundance and diversity, including the absence of strong compensatory increases. Ecological corridors and large-scale protected areas emerged as potential management options for elasmobranch conservation.
Open Society Foundations;
The Project Generating Facility (PGF) is one intervention of the Making the Most initiative (MtM) which is aimed at building capacity of stakeholders at the local level to articulate Roma concerns as part of the local development agenda and to access EU funding in order to address these concerns. This MtM tool is currently operational in Central-Eastern Europe and in South-Eastern Europe region.
Inter Ethnic Initiative for Human Rights Foundation;
This resource pack of information material and advocacy briefs consists of 5 leaflets. The first three leaflets deal respectively with the international legal standards, with a regional cross section of the issues concerned as well as effective practices of interaction between media, media structures and citizen's organisations. The last two leaflets provide recommendations addressed to media, media regulatory bodies, national and international institutions and non-governmental organisations and set out principles for journalists and editors for ethical and professional coverage of ethnic issues.