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Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS);
In 1997, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reviewed evidence of the effectiveness of HIV prevention programs for injection drug users (IDUs) and recommended that three types of
interventions be implemented to prevent transmission of HIV among IDUs: 1) community-based outreach, 2) expanded syringe access (including needle exchange programs [NEP] and pharmacy sales), and 3) drug treatment. Progress on increasing the acceptance and feasibility of implementing these programs has been made at the national level, but their implementation has been varied at the local level.
Understanding the conditions under which communities accept and implement interventions can help guide effective strategies to foster the implementation of these interventions in areas where programs do not currently exist.
The Bridges to Work demonstration was designed to test whether efforts to help inner-city job seekers overcome barriers to accessing suburban jobs would result in better employment opportunities and earnings for these workers. This report examines outcomes for more than 1,800 applicants to Bridges to Work, half of whom were randomly selected to receive the programs transportation, job placement and supportive services for up to 18 months and half who were not offered these services. The researchers found that Bridges to Work did not positively impact participants employment and earnings, results that were consistent across cities and across various strategies for providing transportation services. Given the programs implementation challenges, costs and lack of results, the report concludes that the Bridges model is not a viable policy response to the mismatch between the location of jobs and the location of unemployed workers. However, the models lack of success does not diminish the importance of improving transportation options to increase workers access to employment, and the authors derive a number of important lessons from the demonstrations experience to inform future mobility efforts.
Measures the effectiveness of employment related assistance, use of rent breaks as an incentive to work more, and activities that promote neighbor-to-neighbor support for work in Baltimore, Chattanooga, Dayton, Los Angeles, St. Paul, and Seattle.
Explores opportunities for community collaborations to promote economic development and neighborhood revitalization, and offers strategies for public/private investment. Includes case studies in Baltimore, Cleveland, Detroit, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh.
Explores the experiences of 55 African Americans in Chicago and Baltimore who work within the informal economy. Looks at the advantages and disadvantages of participating in the informal economy and implications for programs encouraging entrepreneurship.
Provides qualitative insights from mentors on how parental incarceration affects children emotionally, behaviorally, and developmentally, as well as their relationships with their parents, and how their needs differ from those of other at-risk children.
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation;
Presents findings from a survey that examines the enrollment decisions, experiences, and future concerns related to the prescription drug coverage of beneficiaries with the new Medicare prescription drug benefit. Part of a series of interviews.
Evaluates support for the arts in eleven cities, including Philadelphia. Suggests using cultural institutions for economic development and neighborhood revitalization, and recommends the establishment of a central agency to coordinate cultural affairs.
Examines rates of hospitalizations and emergency room visits in Baltimore that could be preventable with high-quality primary care. Analyzes data by age, area, and insurance status, and compared with the rest of Maryland and the District of Columbia.
Annie E. Casey Foundation;
The Fall 2001/Winter 2002 issue of AdvoCasey focuses on foster teens in transition. It highlights what communities and child welfare agencies are doing (and not doing) to help them. It includes a fact sheet, case studies, and an interview with Gary Stangler, director of the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation;
Outlines the Innovators Combating Substance Abuse program's model for exhibiting art by those in addiction recovery as a way to offer insight into substance abuse and recovery. With lessons learned and submissions, selection, and installation guidelines.
Annie E. Casey Foundation;
Describes a school preparation project for preschool children and families. Outlines specific strategies, action steps, and measures of accountability for implementation.