This paper is a review of the literature on School-Based Management (SBM defined as decision-making, and control of budget and of the curriculum at the school level) in Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The need for an improvement in the management of secondary schools in SSA is particularly criticalas SSA is lagging behind other regions in youth access to secondary schools, access to quality schoolingand developing skills in schools which open pathways to employment (Majgaard & Mingat 2012). Atthe same time the secondary school sector is expanding rapidly in most African states, with a focus onuniversal secondary education (USE). This trend is being accompanied in most countries with a driveto decentralize decision-making to these secondary schools, with much focus on SBM. Nevertheless,as Majgaard & Mingat (2012:144) assert, "with a few exceptions, schools in most Sub-Saharan Africancountries have little autonomy". Why is this still the case?