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CLTS Knowledge Hub;
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS explores current thinking and practice on the topic of tackling slippage of open defecation free (ODF) status. It looks at how slippage is defined and identified, and at different patterns of slippage that are seen after ODF is declared. Although a considerable amount has been written on how to establish strong Community-Led Total sanitation (CLTS) programmes that prevent slippage from happening, this issue looks at how to reverse slippage that has already taken place. Note however, that at a certain level, strategies used to reverse slippage and those used in advance to set a programme up for success to prevent slippage occurring overlap.
From the literature, there is little documented evidence on how slippage can be reversed; evidence and guidance tend to focus on prevention. This review begins to address this gap. Implementers are encouraged to use the proposed patterns of slippage framework and slippage factors section to understand the type and extent of slippage experienced, then use the examples in the section on tackling slippage to identify potential slippage responses.
In addition to a review of current literature, in depth interviews were carried out with key informants at global, regional and country level. Key informants were selected purposively to identify experiences and innovations in tackling slippage from across the sector.
Issue 14, September 2019
This GrantCraft case study, developed for Candid's scholarshipsforchange.org portal, explores Mastercard Foundation's Scholarship program which supports students across Africa. Working with partner organizations, the foundation provides access to secondary education and higher education for young Africans who have demonstrated leadership potential and a commitment to serving their communities.
CLTS Knowledge Hub;
In order to achieve universal safely managed sanitation across Africa by 2030 the scale and pace will need to increase drastically. As the African sanitation community reassemble for AfricaSan 5 we hope the opportunity is grasped to rejuvenate commitments to those who still lack the fundamental human right of access to sanitation and hygiene facilities. This edition of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the discussions held across two regional Africa events in 2018, highlighting the challenges faced by programme implementers (both government and non-government staff) atdifferent levels in relation to the Ngor Commitments and the achievement of universal access to safely managed sanitation. A range of initiatives are presented that show promise in addressing these challenges, along withrecommended priority actionsThis edition of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the discussions held across two regional Africa events in 2018, highlighting the challenges faced by programme implementers (both government and non-government staff) at different levels in relation to the Ngor Commitments and the achievement of universal access to safely managed sanitation. A range of initiatives are presented that show promise in addressing these challenges, along with recommended priority actions.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
In order to achieve universal safely managed sanitation across Africa by 2030 the scale and pace will need to increase drastically. As the African sanitation community reassemble for AfricaSan 5 we hope the opportunity is grasped to rejuvenate commitments to those who still lack the fundamental human right of access to sanitation and hygiene facilities.
This edition of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the discussions held across two regional Africa events in 2018, highlighting the challenges faced by programme implementers (both government and non-government staff) at different levels in relation to the Ngor Commitments and the achievement of universal access to safely managed sanitation. A range of initiatives are presented that show promise in addressing these challenges, along with recommended priority actions.
Le CLTS Knowledge Hub, basé à l'Institute of Development Studies, WaterAid, le WSSCC et l'UNICEF ont co-organisé un atelier régional à Saly, au Sénégal, du 25 au 28 juin 2018, avec l'aide de l'AGETIP. L'événement a réuni les personnes impliquées dans la programmation de l'eau, l'assainissement et l'hygiène (EAH) en milieu rural dans 14 pays de la région (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Gambie, Ghana, Libéria, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), Sénégal, Tchad et Togo) aux côtés d'experts travaillant aux niveaux régional et mondial. Durant les quatre jours de l'atelier, les participants ont échangé leurs expériences, leurs innovations, les problèmes rencontrés, les recherches entreprises et ils ont recensé les manques de connaissances et discuter des moyens d'aller de l'avant dans le but d'améliorer les capacités et d'enrichir le savoir.
Cette note d'apprentissage présente les problèmes communs identifiés dans la région ; elle résume certaines des discussions qui se sont tenues tout au long de la semaine, met en avant les pratiques prometteuses et considère les actions prioritaires pour aller de l'avant.
The CLTS Knowledge Hub, based at the Institute of Development Studies, WaterAid, WSSCC and UNICEF co-convened a regional workshop in Saly, Senegal, 25th-28th June 2018 with support from AGETIP. The event brought together those engaged in rural WASH programming from 14 countries across the region (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic Congo (DRC), Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo) alongside experts working at regional and global levels. Over the course of four days participants shared latest experiences, innovations, challenges and research, mapped knowledge gaps and discussed ways forward with the aim of improving capacity and knowledge.
This learning brief presents the common challenges identified across the region, summarises some of the discussions held, highlights some promising practices and considers priority actions moving forward.
Headline recommendations from the brief include:
Urgently advocate to increase domestic resource allocation
Create specific country-level strategies for reaching the 'last mile'
Use of evidence on last mile demographics and practices to encourage inclusion
Avoid rigid policies and practices and be less dogmatic about what approaches are used
Use area-wide approaches
Systematise post-ODF interventions
Identify, strengthen and promote local technological solutions
Conduct formative research on the 'last mile', sustainable local solutions and long-term behaviour change
Strengthen knowledge management initiatives to better support the region, especially Francophone region.
Collect, make publically available and respond to data
This paper summarises the reflections from a 12 country policy dialogue on financing WASH services to2030 hosted by the Collaborative African Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) in November 2017 in collaboration with Oxford Policy Management. The dialogue brought together director-level representatives from Ministries of Finance and Line Ministries with responsibilities for Water and/or Sanitation. This paper provides a brief summary of the current funding and financing trends in WASHbefore turning to the key reflections of stakeholders during the dialogue. The reflections of the senior government officials responsible for WASH indicate that additional investment is needed for the sector through governments own contributions and through innovative financing mechanisms.
In most countries, subsoil oil, gas and mining resources are the property of citizens and are managed on their behalf by governments. The projects that contracts govern typically last longer than most governments. Estimated oil, gas and mineral rents totalled $1.7 trillion globally in 2015 - 1.7% of global GDP in that year and more than the total GDP of the world's poorest countries. Oxfam believes that citizens have a right to know the full terms under which oil, gas and mineral resources are developed and sold, to enable them to assess whether the public benefits claimed are likely to become reality.
Contract disclosure in the oil, gas and mining sector is an emerging global norm. Given the progress by governments, international financial institutions and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Oxfam's research for this report aimed fill the information gap on corporate policies on contract disclosure. It provides a snapshot of current corporate policies based on a survey of 40 leading oil, gas and mining companies.
Overseas Development Institute;
This study examines the extent to which interventions supporting young people's access to employment or entrepreneurship opportunities are tailored to address gendered barriers. Its area of focus is Africa, the region prioritized by the Mastercard Foundation in its work. Analysis of primary research conducted with a selection ofMastercard Foundation programs, and secondary research on a broader range of interventions, forms the basis of the report. The primary research was conducted with four Mastercard Foundation partnerships operating in Tanzaniaand Uganda, supplemented by conversations with staff working with those partnerships, and with three other partnerships operating in South Africa, Zambia, and across Africa. The secondary research focused on evaluations and other studies from a larger range of Mastercard Foundation youth livelihoods and youth financial servicespartnerships across the continent, as well as from other (non-Mastercard Foundation) youthlivelihoods programs.
Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition Foundation;
MacroGeo in collaboration with BCFN Foundation has conducted an analysis of the geopolitical impact of migration and food in the Euro-Mediterranean area, whose results are comprised in this report on "Food and Migration". This study experimentally combines geopolitical analysis (resources, ows, migratory routes) and the analysis of food and nutrition, through a series of different and heterogeneous essays.
A french version is also available online.
UHAI EASHRI is an indigenous activist fund supporting the struggle for the human rights oflesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) and sex worker Africans. As we look back on the past two years, we remain grateful to our funding and grantee partners who have consistentlybelieved in our funding philosophy and most importantly, to our movements that persist in their resilience and remained unbowed.
In 2015, the EU and its member states set up the 'EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa' to promote stability and economic opportunities and to strengthen resilience.
An Oxfam analysis of all the projects approved under the instrument shows that its flexible nature has generated both opportunities and risks. This briefing argues that the Fund lacks sufficient checks and balances to ensure that European interests do not take precedence over the needs of the people that aid is intended to help.