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In a context of chronic insecurity in Central African Republic, civilian populations are exposed to the threats of violence, extortion and deprivation. More than 600,000 people have been displaced within the country. Oxfam's programme in CAR put into place a community protection approach that aims to reduce the exposure of civilians to a range of security risks. This approach is based on two elements: support for local advocacy to target threats and local dialogue on mitigation measures, with Community Protection Committees at the heart of the programme.
This report sums up Oxfam's research into the effectiveness and sustainability of Oxfam's protection work in the Central African Republic.
More than half of Central African Republic's population is in need of urgent humanitarian aid - amidst chronic underfunding, persisting violence across the country and unsuccessful peace agreements.
This briefing calls for a huge and concerted effort by the government, donors and all stakeholders to consolidate progress, to support peace and reconciliation and to ensure that CAR does not revert back into a deeper crisis. It presents a fair share analysis and urges donors to step up their commitments and meet their funding responsibility to stabilize the fragile situation in the country.
On March 30, 2016, the inauguration of Professor Faustin Archange TOUADERA as the new President of Central African Republic after three years of political transition gave rise to much hope. The election promises focused on a return to normality for this country devastated by three years of crises: the restoration of peace, stability and reconciliation.
A year later, it is clear that this dynamic seems to be under threat with the wave of violence that has once again crossed the country since October 2016. By March 2017, 60% of the country is still under the control of non-state armed groups and promises made to the millions of Central Africans who were hungry, displaced, wounded and abused seem to have vanished in uncertainty. The efforts made by the new authorities need to be sustained and to receive real financial and technical support from the international community.
On 17 November 2016, donors meet in Brussels to discuss reconstruction in Central African Republic (CAR). During this meeting, the CAR authorities hope that international donors and partners will make commitments to help to restore peace and security, renew the social contract and revive the economy.
This policy briefing highlights the need for a long-term commitment to CAR as well as flexible funding. With the humanitarian crisis still ongoing as early recovery begins, peace building and development needs are important in CAR. The international community should commit to funding short-, medium- and long-term interventions in parallel, in a flexible and sustainable approach for the reconstruction of the country. A commitment to durable solutions for CAR must shape all efforts for the coming years.
Although stability appears to be returning to the Central African Republic, the root causes of the crisis have not been resolved. Indeed, while there have been no intercommunal clashes in the east of the country, it remains in the grip of non-state armed groups. This briefing illustrates how the population of Haute-Kotto, which has been overlooked for decades due to the weakness of the state, risks having to continue to suffer various forms of abuse and violence. The new MINUSCA mandate established by Resolution 2301 seems impracticable given the limited financial and human resources currently available to it. For these reasons, special attention must be given to the strategies for its implementation and the prioritization of its activities.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in November 2014, of Oxfam's humanitarian response in Bangui, Central African Republic, between February and October 2014.
The humanitarian assistance that Oxfam delivered in Bangui consisted of firstly water treatment, supply and distribution; hygiene promotion; provision and maintenance of sanitation facilities for Internally Displaced People and host communities; and secondly, food distributions and cash transfers. Oxfam made plans to set up a programme in Bria. However, this programme did not become operational until October 2014, and is therefore beyond the scope of this evaluation.
Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 13 recognised quality standards via a desk review.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
World Resources Institute (WRI);
Developing countries are receiving new financial and technical support to design and implement programs that reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (referred to as REDD+). Reducing emissions from forest cover change requires transparent, accountable, inclusive, and coordinated systems and institutions to govern REDD+ programs.
Two multilateral initiatives -- the World Bank-administered Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in developing countries (UN-REDD Programme) -- are supporting REDD+ countries to become "ready" for REDD+ by preparing initial strategy proposals, developing institutions to manage REDD+ programs, and building capacity to implement REDD+ activities.
This paper reviews 32 REDD+ readiness proposals submitted to these initiatives to understand overall trends in how eight elements of readiness (referred to in this paper as readiness needs) are being understood and prioritized globally. Specifically, we assess whether the readiness proposals (i) identify the eight readiness needs as relevant for REDD+, (ii) discuss challenges and options for addressing each need, and (iii) identify next steps to be implemented in relation to each need. Our analysis found that the readiness proposals make important commitments to developing effective, equitable, and well-governed REDD+ programs. However, in many of the proposals these general statements have not yet been translated into clear next steps.
Le Cameroun est le premier partenaire commercial des pays membres de la Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l'Afrique Centrale (CEMAC). Malgré leur appartenance à un même regroupement sous-régional, les liens commerciaux formels entre eux ont été entravés par un ensemble de facteurs qui ont stimulé la croissance du commerce transfrontalier (non enregistré) informel.
Institute of International Education;
Compiles success stories of PHEA-supported efforts to transform universities and develop effective means of teaching, research, and services in nine African countries. Examines obstacles overcome, lessons learned, and new possibilities for partnerships.
Proposes a revised methodology for analyzing the distributional effects of a value-added tax - the economic burden placed on households of different income levels and demographics - as well as on government revenues and spending and capital.