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Carsey School of Public Policy at The University of New Hampshire;
As outlined in the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, there is an urgent need for mechanisms that effectively scale proven interventions for tackling some of humanity's toughest challenges (United Nations 2015). While there are exemplary models that have proven to be highly effective, there are relatively few examples that have achieved large-scale replication.
Development is going digital and INGOs like Oxfam have a vital convening role to play. This paper draws on ICT for Development in Oxfam's programmes in the Horn, East and Central Africa to consider what this role is. In order to realise the opportunities associated with the digital landscape, Oxfam will need to build internal and external capacity to implement ICT in programmes to enhance quality, accessibility, and efficiency.
Taylor & Francis Group;
The East African Integrated Disease Surveillance Network (EAIDSNet) was formed in response to a growing frequency of cross-border malaria outbreaks in the 1990s and a growing recognition that fragmented disease interventions, coupled with weak laboratory capacity, were making it difficult to respond in a timely manner to the outbreaks of malaria and other infectious diseases. The East Africa Community (EAC) partner states, with financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, established EAIDSNet in 2000 to develop and strengthen the communication channels necessary for integrated cross-border disease surveillance and control efforts. The objective of this paper is to review the regional EAIDSNet initiative and highlight achievements and challenges in its implementation. Major accomplishments of EAIDSNet include influencing the establishment of a Department of Health within the EAC Secretariat to support a regional health agenda; successfully completing a regional field simulation exercise in pandemic influenza preparedness; and piloting a web-based portal for linking animal and human health disease surveillance. The strategic direction of EAIDSNet was shaped, in part, by lessons learned following a visit to the more established Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS) regional network. Looking to the future, EAIDSNet is collaborating with the East, Central and Southern Africa Health Community (ECSA-HC), EAC partner states, and the World Health Organization to implement the World Bank-funded East Africa Public Health Laboratory Networking Project (EAPHLNP). The network has also begun lobbying East African countries for funding to support EAIDSNet activities.
East Africa has become a focal point for impact investors across the globe, with investments steadily increasing since 2010. Yet despite this growth in recent years, the number of investment opportunities available remains limited. Catalysing Impact Deal Flow in East Africa explores the causes of this constraint and provides recommendations for donors seeking to increase impact investing volumes (deal flow).
Two key challenges are constraining the growth of impact investing in East Africa: 1) The pairing of investors and enterprises ("matching challenge"); and 2) enterprises' lack of readiness to take on investment ("preparation challenge").
Local service providers (consulting and advisory firms) that help enterprises raise capital and build capacity are already addressing both the matching and the preparation challenges. However, these service providers themselves face constraints in scaling their services due to delayed and conditional payment of fees from enterprises resulting from a deferred success fee model.
An appropriate market-shaping intervention could help service providers to scale up sustainably, and help to develop a more vibrant impact investing market overall.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation;
This report contains the findings and recommendations of the CSD Mid-Term Evaluation, following the successful completion of the Evaluation in late 2015.
Our approach and methodology followed the plan we submitted to the Foundation dated May 8, 2015. All of our evaluation objectives and plans have been met.
We conducted field work and carried out extensive interviews in CSD's priority regions of the Andes and the Great Lakes of East and Central Africa, and expanded the work conducted earlier in 2015 by a separate evaluation of the Greater Mekong region. We conducted desk reviews and interviews for CSD's Coastal and Marine, and Global portfolios. Our work also included discussions with Foundation Board members Jack Fuller and Paul Klingenstein, and with President Julia Stasch.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF);
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a human rights issue that affects girls and women worldwide. As such, its elimination is a global concern. In 2012, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a milestone resolution calling on the international community to intensify efforts to end the practice. More recently, in September 2015, the global community agreed to a new set of development goals -- the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) -- which includes a target under Goal 5 to eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and FGM/C, by the year 2030. Both the resolution and the SDG framework signify the political will of the international community and national partners to work together to accelerate action towards a total, and final, end to the practice in all continents of the world. More and better data are needed to measure progress towards this common goal.
Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN);
The Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN), in partnership with Open Capital Advisors, published the full release of The Landscape for Impact Investing in East Africa, a "state of the market" analysis of the impact investing industry in the region. The most comprehensive study of impact investment activity in East Africa to date, the full report includes detailed chapters for five countries -- Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Rwanda -- plus chapters on six additional countries in the region.
The report analyzes an active impact investing market across East Africa. Development finance institutions (DFIs) are a significant player in the market, having deployed nearly $8 billion in impact capital to date. However, many other types of investors -- including VC/PE funds, foundations, family offices, commercial banks, and angel investor networks -- are increasingly active, with these non-DFI impact investors having deployed over $1.4 billion to date in the region through more than 550 deals.
Development Links Consult (DLC);
Sponsored by the Elevate Children Funders Group (ECFG), a three-day Program Learning Event (PLE) on Violence against Children in and around Schools (VACiS) held in Kampala, Uganda from 14-16 July 2015, attracted 77 practitioners, donors, advocates, researchers and government representatives in the field of violence against children from Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, South Africa, Germany, the United Kingdom and United States of America. The theme of the event was developing a common learning agenda on preventing and responding to VACiS.
William and Flora Hewlett Foundation;
A committment to assuring that FPRH services are available for all is one of foundation's most enduring philanthropic commitments. It began with Bill Hewlett's early recognition that rapid population growth threatens the well-being of people across the globe. The Foundation's subsequent investments have contributed to the field for three decades.
A historic overview of McKnight's East Africa Women's Economic Empowerment focus area, which ended in 2013. From 1992-2013, McKnight invested more than $20 million in the region and maintained a commitment to addressing local needs identified through local voices.
In 2010, after a decade focused on its home city of Boston, the Barr Foundation launched a pilot in global grantmaking. Over the next three years, guided by a vision for a vibrant, just, and sustainable world with hopeful futures for children, the foundation engaged with over 20 organizations striving to improve the lives of children and families living in poverty in East Africa, India, and Haiti. This booklet summarizes their approach, grant investments, and learning from this initiative.
Despite the markedly increased foreign investment, East African economies remain characterized by low levels of investment and capital formation with high level of attrition amongst indigenous small and medium enterprises. While there is a high failure rate amongst these SMEs, some are beginning to turn the corner and are exhibiting signs of robustness, innovativeness and sustainability. Relying on narrative accounts of successful SMEs leaders in Kenya and Uganda obtained through interviews and focus group discussions, this study sought to construct an account of leadership practices and ascriptions of success for SMEs that had succeeded. The study identified eight leadership constructs characteristic of successful SME leaders in Kenya and Uganda grouped into visioning, building commitment, social capital, personal values, anticipation and resilience, resourcefulness, responsiveness, and entrepreneurial orientation. While these results, on the face value, are apparently not unique, it was in the nuances of the leadership practice that difference was made. In conclusion, the study highlights implications for these findings in relation to policy and leadership practice among SMEs.