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Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.
A data revolution for sustainable development is underway, reshaping how knowledge is produced and used, policy is formulated, and governance is redefined and enacted around the world. At its core, it is about people—as users, producers, beneficiaries, and owners of data—who must be at the centre of accountability and participatory mechanisms for the 2030 Agenda and in turn be closely involved in the delivery of the new development agenda. To this end, UNDP has sought to facilitate interactions, synergies and partnerships among different stakeholders, governments, civil society, international development organizations and the private sector that are grounded in perspectives of, and meaningful participation from, people. UNDP particularly seeks to ensure that development experience from the grassroots informs global discussions, and that the data revolution is actionable at the national level.
While significant strides have been made with respect to upgrading data and statistical systems since the adoption of the MDGs, the 2030 Agenda encompasses a far broader ambition requiring better, more timely and reliable data on a wider variety of indicators. Thus its adoption by countries around the world necessitates an even more significant increase in the data that is available to, and used by, governments, civil society, the private sector, academia and international organizations to begin tracking progress towards the achievement of the SDGs.
This synthesis report presents the findings of six pilot case studies assessing the readiness of national data ecosystems to harness the data revolution for the implementation and monitoring of the 2030 Agenda. This assessment focuses on the legal and policy frameworks and capacities for official statistics; entry points for action and obstacles for multi-stakeholder engagement on data for SDG implementation and monitoring; innovation and new technologies for plugging data gaps; and the infrastructure requirements for improved collection, dissemination and use of data for sustainable development.
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council;
In 2016, WSSCC's Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF's approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.
Le projet EMiLe (Enseignement Multi-Langue) vise à améliorer les résultats d'apprentissage grâce à l'élaboration et à la mise en œuvre d'un programme éducatif multilingue (MLE) permettant, dans un premier temps, aux enfants d'acquérir des aptitudes en lecture, écriture et calcul dans une langue qui leur est familière. Ce programme apprend ensuite aux enfants à appliquer ces aptitudes, concepts et attitudes dans le cadre de leur apprentissage et de leurs activités en utilisant la langue officielle, le français. Cette innovation, actuellement appliquée au niveau micro (complétée par des données comparatives) cause des perturbations dans la mesure où il n'existe actuellement aucun programme similaire au Sénégal ou dans plusieurs pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest.
Extractive industries present potentially large opportunities for developing countries. However, advocates for responsible natural resource management are often frustrated by the fact that best-practice policy prescriptions are frequently ignored by governments in developing counties. As a result, there has been a growing effort to understand how policy decisions are made, and how political and economic incentives shape development outcomes.
With support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Oxfam has produced a detailed study of the political economy of decision making, with research conducted in Peru, Ghana, Senegal and Tanzania. Reports for each of the countries are below (Tanzania report forthcoming), along with a synthesis of the findings.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Center;
In May 2015, African leaders committed to budget allocations amounting to 0.5% of their countries'respective Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to sanitation and hygiene by 2020. Specifically, thiscommitment was part of the Ngor Declaration adopted at the fourth African Conference on Sanitationand Hygiene (AfricaSan) by ministers responsible for sanitation and hygiene.1 This brief explores thecontext of this commitment: how much are governments currently investing in sanitation? How can thisinvestment be increased?
The FDK (Federation Dimbaya Kanyalen) project aims to raise reading outcomes by implementing a micro level reading skills acquisition approach, Stratégie Active pour la Réusite d'une Ecole Novatrice (SARENA), intended originally to be complemented by comparative data. The SARENA approach is designed for French speaking students in their first two years of primary school. SARENA uses a very global methodology, in that, it heavily features word shape and text memorization. Development of decoding skills is less stressed. For the sake of external relations, the district-level academic inspectorate received additional training and was made responsible for monitoring, despite its recognized inability to perform well in this capacity. FDK also features community/parental involvement through the acquisition and use of mobile phones to facilitate communication between teachers and parents. Other partners include the Bureau Artichaut of Dakar which provides training and materials for SARENA.
This EMiLe project (Education Multi-Langue) aims to raise learning outcomes by developing and implementing a multilingual education (MLE) transfer curriculum which first enables children to acquire reading, writing and math skills in a familiar language. The curriculum then teaches the children to apply those learning skills, concepts, and attitudes to learning and functioning in the official language, French. This innovation currently functions on the micro level (complimented by comparative data) and is disruptive in that no such curriculum currently exists in Senegal, or in many countries of West Africa. (EMiLe could also be understood as incremental in that MLE in east Africa is the policy norm, though rarely implemented.)
Le projet FDK (Federation Dimbaya Kanyalen) vise à améliorer les performances en lecture en appliquant une méthode d'acquisition de compétences en lecture au niveau micro dénommée Stratégie active pour la réussite d'une école novatrice (SARENA). Cette stratégie, qui à l'origine devait être complétée par des données comparatives, est conçue pour les élèves francophones des deux premières années du cycle d'études primaires. SARENA utilise une méthodologie très complète dans la mesure où elle porte en grande partie sur la forme des mots et la mémorisation des textes, ce qui rend le développement de compétences en décodage moins important. Afin d'assurer des bonnes relations avec toutes les parties prenantes, l'inspection d'académie locale a reçu une formation supplémentaire et s'est vue confier la responsabilité du suivi en dépit de son incapacité avouée à bien jouer ce rôle.
New Field Foundation;
As part of its strategic grantmaking to support women and their families to overcome poverty, violence and injustice in Africa, New Field Foundation focused part of its efforts on southern Senegal as it emerged from twenty years of conflict. During 2006-2012, $3,500,000 was awarded in 90 main grants to 20 nonprofit organizations that served rural women in Casamance. Six of these nonprofit organizations acted as community grantmakers to award 257 community grants totaling $1,347,663 to 116 women's community organizations.
In addition to receiving grants, the women's community organizations received technical support and training in order to build their capacity in financial management, project implementation, group savings, and women's leadership. Some members also participated in literacy and numeracy classes, seed exchanges, and knowledge sharing on agro-ecological practices.
In 2013, a participatory study was carried out to examine the changes that occurred for women's community organizations receiving community grants. This showed increased food security, improved livelihoods, increased status of women, and greater access to health care and education for rural women and their families. It also showed that, because of the grants, many of the women's community organizations acquired agricultural equipment, increased their revenues, and attracted funding from other sources.
In order to explore more deeply the effects of community grants on changes in assets and asset management, the Senegalese non-profit Association Conseil pour l'Action (ACA) carried out a detailed study of 8 of the 116 women's community organizations that had received grants. The study examined the growth in organizational assets, the degree to which the organizations were in charge of their assets, and whether all members of the organization benefited from those assets. Membership of the 8 organizations totaled 723, with members taking care of more than 5,000 family members.
The findings provide evidence of improvements in revenues, savings, and capital equipment at organizational and membership level, with an increase in democratic decision-making processes. They also reveal that, while the women's community organizations had ownership of significant assets, not all had authority over thechoice and use of those assets. One women's community organization in particular provided a clear example of the poor outcomes that result when groups are not in charge of decisions. Overall, the successes revealed by the study point towards the importance of entrusting rural women to implement their own development solutions and the necessity of providing the right kinds of support to help them achieve their goals. Encouraged by these results, New Field's board decided to extend its funding in Casamance through 2017.
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council;
A special one-day event organized by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights shed light on the challenges women face in exercising their fundamental rights to access water, sanitation, and hygiene without discrimination. This report summarizes the day's discussions, focused on WASH and women's rights through three case studies and a look at changing international development standards.
La recherche s'intéressera à un sujet peu exploré mais d'un enjeu considérable pour le développement de la sous-région, à savoir les déterminants de l`entrepreneuriat des jeunes dans un contexte sahélo-saharien singulier, en Mauritanie et au Sénégal. L'objectif de cette recherche consiste à identifier et à comparer les facteurs qui entrent en jeu dans le phénomène entrepreneurial des jeunes. La recherche vise à déterminer les facteurs qui poussent tel ou tel jeune éduqué des milieux mauritaniens et sénégalais à s'adonner à des activités entrepreneuriales. Le souci de combler le manque de recherches gestionnaires sur le pourquoi de l'événement du phénomène entrepreneurial des jeunes en Afrique et de contribuer au débat scientifique sur cette thématique nous a conduit à tester la validité des théories anglosaxonnes sur l'entrepreneuriat des jeunes dans ces deux pays.