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* In July 2014, Skoll Global Threats Fund (SGTF) gave a $2 million, two-year grant to Chiang Mai University in Thailand to create the Participatory One Health Disease Detection (PODD) project—a first-of-its-kind community-owned pandemic surveillance and response system. SGTF issued a second grant in July 2016 to help scale the program to other regions in Thailand.* The goal of PODD is to enable early detection of animal-borne (zoonotic) disease outbreaks and prevent them from becoming pandemics. The grant funded the development and launch of a Thai-built mobile app that local volunteers use to report suspected outbreaks and other dangerous events, as well as the development of a protocol for coordinating fast evaluation and response among local government officials, veterinarians, and public health experts.* The PODD program had 300 trained local volunteers at launch, growing to more than 4,600 volunteers two years later.* Within the first few months, volunteers reported more animal disease events in those districtsusing PODD than had been reported in the whole province of Chiang Mai in the previous year. Within 16 months, 1,340 abnormal events were reported. Among those, a total of 36 incidents of dangerous zoonotic diseases were verified.* The early detection of one case of foot-and mouth disease, stopped before it could spread, saved $4 million.* PODD volunteers are now also using the system to report a range of other hazards, from fraudulent medication sales to landslides and flash floods.* In July 2016, Chiang Mai University transferred ownership of the PODD tool to the Thai government, which, with additional funding, could expand the project to additional provinces and eventually nationwide.
Open Society Institute;
Analyzes trends in Thailand's digital media and media consumption, including the state of independent public media, Internet use, the effects of digitization on journalism, the role of political turmoil in the media environment, and regulatory issues.
Asian Development Bank;
This is the Thailand case study of Investing in Ourselves - Giving and Fund Raising in Asia, which had its origin in the International Conference on Supporting the Nonprofit Sector in Asia, sponsored by the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium (APPC) in January 1998.
Asian Pacific Philanthropy Consortium;
A compilation of background papers presented during the conference of the same name, this publication is divided into five sections and a three-page bibliography. It focuses on corporate philanthropy in Thailand following the December 2004 tsunami in South East Asia. The compilation was prepared for the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium.
International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF);
This article written in the ICSF's Sumadra Report 51 comments on deliberations held at the 4SSF Conference on October 13-17, 2008 in Bangkok, Thailand which seemed to offer hope for a shift away from the customary simplistic thinking on rights-based management in fisheries.
Association for Computing Machinery;
This paper reports the work in progress of incorporating a participatory disease detection mechanism into the existing web- and mobile device application DoctorMe in Thailand. As Southeast Asia has a high likelihood of hosting potential outbreaks of epidemics it is crucial to enable citizens to collectively contribute to improved public health through crowdsourced data, which is currently lacking. This paper focuses foremost on the localized approach, utilizing elements such as gamification, digital volunteerism and personalized health recommendations for participating users. DoctorMe'sparticipatory disease detection approach aims to tap into the accelerating technological landscape in Thailand and to improve personal health and provide valuable data for institutional analysis that may prevent or decrease the impact of infectious disease outbreaks.
From 20 November to 22 December 1986, Tony Jackson visited Thailand as a member of the first World Food Programme (WFP) evaluation mission to look at the UN Border Relief Operation (UNBRO). A dozen NGOs, funded by UNBRO, provided specialized services for refugees from Cambodia. As an NGO staff member from an agency not working on the Thai-Cambodia border, Oxfam was asked to nominate a staff member to be part of the evaluation team and look particularly at the NGO activities.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation carried out in December 2014 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the development and scale up of a climate change community-based adaptation model for food security project.Oxfam and local organization Earth Net Foundation (ENF) have worked together since 2004 to promote organic rice farming and fair trade marketing in Yasothon province. The project under review was also implemented in partnership with the Healthy Public Policy Foundation and Climate Change Knowledge Management and was carried out in two provinces - three sub-districts of Yasothon in the Northeast, and one sub-district in Chiang Mai in the North. The project had three specific objectives: 1) increase resilience and adaptation capacity of small scale farmers to weather variability and climate change through the development of a self-sustainable climate change adaptation model; 2) scale up implementation of the model to reach new communities and support national development of the agenda on climate change adaptation and food security; and 3) foster cooperation among NGOs, community-based organizations, scholars, local and central government and the private sector to achieve the other objectives.For more information, the data for this effectiveness review is available through the UK Data Service. Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews>.
In November 2001, at the World Trade Organisation's 4th ministerial conference in Doha, the finance ministers of the world reaffirmed that governments are free to take all necessary measures to protect public health. That means that a government has a right to override patents in an "emergency". One method of doing this is through "compulsory licensing", a procedure under WTO rules whereby a government faced with a health emergency may grant a permit to produce a generic form of a crucial drug. As of April 2002, no developing country has ever instigated a compulsory licence, though in US and Europe the process is common. Despite the Doha declaration, Thailand activists and sympathetic government officials report that there has been no change in the stance of the Thai government on compulsory licensing since last November, despite the critical HIV/AIDS problem in the kingdom. In January 2002 a US Embassy official questioned Thai health ministry officials and was assured that compulsory licensing was not on the agenda.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
An innovative model developed in collaboration with the Siam Commercial Bank Foundation allows young people in Songkhla Province to design and implement community development projects to develop life skills and a sense of civic-mindedness.In 1991, the Songkhla Forum (SF) was established as a communications platform to share information and raise awareness so that the people of Songkhla, a strategically important province on the border with Malaysia, could participate in the development of the province and country at large.In 2012, SF received help in the form of a new partner, the Siam Commercial Bank Foundation (SCBF). This collaboration has resulted in an innovative new model for young people to contribute to Songkhla's development while growing their self-confidence and capacity as engaged citizens. Since then, some 300 youth have come together through SF to work on more than 60 community development projects, some of which have made a significant contribution to civic life in the province.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
With the patronage of a royal princess, two women from different sides of the railway track came together to establish a daycare center in one of Thailand's most notorious slums to change the lives of poor urban families.The Foundation for Slum Child Care (FSCC) was officially started in June 1981, and through a series of fortuitous events would come under the royal patronage of the late HRH Princess Galyani Vadhana. For nearly 35 years, it has worked to improve the quality of life of Bangkok's slum children: in 2014 alone, 2,133 children less than five years old were cared for by FSCC, whose operations have extended to four other slum communities in the capital.Beyond the delivery of daycare services for the urban poor, the FSCC has established itself as a benchmark for child-care services and early childhood education in Thailand through its affiliate network and cutting-edge training programs, which include certification courses for informal nurseries and general early child-care development courses.
A third of the world's poorest, most vulnerable and marginalized people are thought to live in fragile and conflict-affected countries. Oxfam's work in these countries aims to address their needs, but we recognize the importance of finding different ways to do this in these challenging contexts. In these environments, conflict is often violent, protracted and mirrored across society. These contexts are also among the most challenging for development agencies to work in. There is limited civil society space and capacity, direct threats to staff and partners, and in many cases few opportunities to engage or work with the state.In February 2016, Oxfam hosted its first learning event on working in fragile and conflict-affected contexts in order to bring together a range of Oxfam and partner staff to exchange programmatic and operational learning. The event was organized by Oxfam's Within and Without the State programme (WWS), which aims to improve the quality and effectiveness of civil society programming in fragile and conflict-affected settings. This report documents the outcomes and discussions of the event.