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This evaluation assesses the performance and contribution of the UP! + Initiative, a garment worker training programme delivered by Awaj Foundation and Impactt Limited and funded by C&A Foundation (C&AF). The UP!+ Initiative is focused on improving the lives of workers in the readymade garment (RMG) sector by providing them with training on essential life-skills as well as the individual and collective skills required to mitigate workplace risks and strengthen worker rights.
In January 2015, the Li & Fung Foundation and C&A Foundation jointly set up a trust fund, the Tazreen Factory Victim Workers' Children Welfare Fund (TCWF), to provide financial support covering basic needs for the 89 children of missing or deceased workers from the 2012 Tazreen factory disaster in Bangladesh. The financial support from the TCWF is distributed to the beneficiaries in the form of both a monthly allowance and a fixed deposit released when children turn 18. The fund is being managed by Caritas Bangladesh on a first five-year agreement (July 2015 to June 2020).
In August 2018, C&A Foundation and Li & Fung Foundation commissioned this independent evaluation with the primary purpose of assessing the initiative's performance so far in terms of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability, as well as identifying case studies, key lessons learned and providing recommendations in order to improve and adapt the execution of the fund for the next phase (2020-2025).
MasterCard Foundation, The;
This background paper considers the evidence on whether and how more targeted approaches to subsiding secondary school costs are possible. Examples often focus on ones that relate to cost reductions through social protection programmes such as scholarships or Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) that aim to increase enrolment and retention in school (Petrosino, Morgan, Fronius, Tanner-Smith & Boruch, 2012). Such interventions on their own are unlikely to improve learning outcomes, and so need to be accompanied by strategies to promote inclusive, quality of education (Sabates et al., 2018). There is a wide variety of evidence on cost-reduction programmes, with rigorous evidence of the impacts on education. Specifically, this report focuses on evidence on education scholarships (including stipends and fee elimination), and conditional cash transfers. Examples are provided from Sub-Saharan Africa where available, complemented with ones from other low- and middle-income countries where such programmes have often been more prevalent.
The 'Building Resilience of the Urban Poor' (BRUP) initiative was a three-year urban resilience project led by CARE Bangladesh and its local partner Village Education Resource Centre (VERC), funded by C&A Foundation and contracted via CARE USA. The project began in November 2014 and aimed to enhance resilience within six targeted urban communities and three targeted institutions in Gazipur City Corporation (GCC), Bangladesh. The independent evaluation of the project provides an objective assessment of successes, failures and missed opportunities.
International humanitarian agencies and donors have made a series of global commitments to local actors as part of the localization agenda, including to increase their access to greater direct funding by 2020. This briefing paper reviews 2015 national financial data for Bangladesh and Uganda to better understand how to target international investments in localization. It presents key findings from Oxfam-commissioned research on which factors affect local actors' ability to access international humanitarian funding. It concludes that in order for global commitments to translate into practice, investments should look at changing the terms of the funding relationship, as well as be based on a context-specific, national analysis of the financial environment.
Bangladesh is one of the world's most climate-vulnerable countries, yet at the same time it has demonstrated climate leadership, particularly in pioneering solar energy for all. The government has committed to ensuring access to affordable and reliable electricity for all citizens by 2021. This briefing note examines how appropriate lending for energy projects by international financial institutions (IFIs) can help Bangladesh to implement the Paris Agreement on climate change and Sustainable Development Goal 7 on universal energy access - and blaze a new sustainable development pathway.
This rapid review report has identified the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) options used in emergency settings, with decentralised wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS) and mobile wastewater treatment units performing most effectively and with minimal costs. Examples are taken from refugee camps and internally displaced people (IDP) settlements due to the Iraq war, the Israeli-Palestine conflict, and the civil wars in Syria and Sudan. WWTP options used in Finland, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Sudan and Turkey are discussed. Lessons learned from China and suggestions for the Rohingya crisis are also included.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.
A data revolution for sustainable development is underway, reshaping how knowledge is produced and used, policy is formulated, and governance is redefined and enacted around the world. At its core, it is about people—as users, producers, beneficiaries, and owners of data—who must be at the centre of accountability and participatory mechanisms for the 2030 Agenda and in turn be closely involved in the delivery of the new development agenda. To this end, UNDP has sought to facilitate interactions, synergies and partnerships among different stakeholders, governments, civil society, international development organizations and the private sector that are grounded in perspectives of, and meaningful participation from, people. UNDP particularly seeks to ensure that development experience from the grassroots informs global discussions, and that the data revolution is actionable at the national level.
While significant strides have been made with respect to upgrading data and statistical systems since the adoption of the MDGs, the 2030 Agenda encompasses a far broader ambition requiring better, more timely and reliable data on a wider variety of indicators. Thus its adoption by countries around the world necessitates an even more significant increase in the data that is available to, and used by, governments, civil society, the private sector, academia and international organizations to begin tracking progress towards the achievement of the SDGs.
This synthesis report presents the findings of six pilot case studies assessing the readiness of national data ecosystems to harness the data revolution for the implementation and monitoring of the 2030 Agenda. This assessment focuses on the legal and policy frameworks and capacities for official statistics; entry points for action and obstacles for multi-stakeholder engagement on data for SDG implementation and monitoring; innovation and new technologies for plugging data gaps; and the infrastructure requirements for improved collection, dissemination and use of data for sustainable development.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP);
The Urban Sanitation Research Initiative aims to make a substantive contribution to achieving universal urban sanitation coverage in low-income contexts. This will be achieved through a) direct research-into policy impacts in focus countries, b) contribution to research capacity development in focus countries, and c) contribution to global understanding of how to achieve universal urban sanitation.
The research will contribute to the evidence base available to in-country actors including national and city governments, and to major international donors and financing institutions. Research will reflect WSUP's core philosophy that at-scale improvement in urban WASH essentially requires two things: market thinking, including the development of dynamic small businesses in the WASH service delivery sector, and institutional change, including substantially increased government investment in WASH services for low-income communities.
World Bank Group;
With 2.1 billion people – mostly in rural areas – lacking safely managed drinking water and reported low rural water supply functionality rates, the Sustainable Development Goals pose a triple challenge: to reach unserved mostly rural population groups, to raise service levels, and to sustain existing and future services. This assessment uses a multi-country case study approach to identify good practices and challenges toward building sector capacity and strengthening sustainable service delivery models for rural areas. Recognizing the limitations of the Demand Responsive Approach, the emergence of various management models, the identified need for ongoing support to rural service providers, and the critical role of enabling institutions and policies beyond the community-level, the added value of this assessment lies in: i) the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that can be used to analyze and operationalize a more sustainable service delivery approach for rural water supply; ii) the rich set of cases and good practices from the 16 countries informing the global body of "knowledge in implementation," and iii) the formulation of recommendations and policy directions to improve the sustainability of services depending on sector development stage. Policy recommendations are centered around five areas: institutional capacity, financing, asset management, water resources management, and monitoring and regulatory oversight.