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Medecins Sans Frontieres;
The Rohingya people live in northern Rakhine state (formerly Arakan), located in western coastal Union of Myanmar (formerly Union of Burma) bordering Bangladesh to the north. The stateless Rohingya are predominately a Muslim minority, in a majority-Buddhist country. Since the late 70s, the Rohingya have fled persecution and violence to seek refuge in Bangladesh.The case study "MSF and the Rohingya 1992 - 2014" brings to light two decades of MSF advocacy activities as part of its humanitarian assistance to the Rohingya people in Bangladesh and Myanmar and explores the questions and dilemmas the organisation was confronted with surrounding speaking out.
This white paper provides an overview of the human rights situation for these populations in Myanmar and Bangladesh and the causes of the internet shutdowns in both countries. The report illustrates that, by impeding the rights of IDPs and refugees, violations of digital rights are violations of human rights. At the heart of Lockdown and Shutdown are sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews, conducted with Rakhine, Rohingya, Chin IDPs in conflict-affected areas in Myanmar, and Rohingya refugees residing in Bangladesh, which give a voice to those who have been deprived of one, as well as reveal the devastating impacts of the internet shutdowns in the two countries.The report also demonstrates that there are commonalities in the impacts of the shutdowns in Myanmar and Bangladesh, specifically in the areas of public health information around COVID-19, education, and access to reliable news in misinformation-rich environments, as well as differences in areas like work, access to healthcare, and physical security and offers key recommendations to the governments of Myanmar and Bangladesh.
This evaluation assesses the performance and contribution of the UP! + Initiative, a garment worker training programme delivered by Awaj Foundation and Impactt Limited and funded by C&A Foundation (C&AF). The UP!+ Initiative is focused on improving the lives of workers in the readymade garment (RMG) sector by providing them with training on essential life-skills as well as the individual and collective skills required to mitigate workplace risks and strengthen worker rights.
Bangladesh is one of the world's most climate-vulnerable countries, yet at the same time it has demonstrated climate leadership, particularly in pioneering solar energy for all. The government has committed to ensuring access to affordable and reliable electricity for all citizens by 2021. This briefing note examines how appropriate lending for energy projects by international financial institutions (IFIs) can help Bangladesh to implement the Paris Agreement on climate change and Sustainable Development Goal 7 on universal energy access - and blaze a new sustainable development pathway.
In January 2015, the Li & Fung Foundation and C&A Foundation jointly set up a trust fund, the Tazreen Factory Victim Workers' Children Welfare Fund (TCWF), to provide financial support covering basic needs for the 89 children of missing or deceased workers from the 2012 Tazreen factory disaster in Bangladesh. The financial support from the TCWF is distributed to the beneficiaries in the form of both a monthly allowance and a fixed deposit released when children turn 18. The fund is being managed by Caritas Bangladesh on a first five-year agreement (July 2015 to June 2020). In August 2018, C&A Foundation and Li & Fung Foundation commissioned this independent evaluation with the primary purpose of assessing the initiative's performance so far in terms of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability, as well as identifying case studies, key lessons learned and providing recommendations in order to improve and adapt the execution of the fund for the next phase (2020-2025).
In January 2015, the Li & Fung Foundation and C&A Foundation jointly set up a trust fund, the Tazreen Factory Victim Workers' Children Welfare Fund (TCWF1), to provide financial support covering basic needs for the 89 children of missing or deceased workers from the 2012 Tazreen factory disaster in Bangladesh. The financial support from the TCWF is distributed to the beneficiaries in the form of both a monthly allowance and a fixed deposit released when children turn 18. The fund is being managed by Caritas Bangladesh on a first five-year agreement (July 2015 to June 2020).In August 2018, C&A Foundation and Li & Fung Foundation commissioned this independent evaluation with the primary purpose of assessing the initiative's performance so far in terms of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability, as well as identifying case studies, key lessons learned and providing recommendations in order to improve and adapt the execution of the fund for the next phase (2020-2025).
The 'Building Resilience of the Urban Poor' (BRUP) initiative was a three-year urban resilience project led by CARE Bangladesh and its local partner Village Education Resource Centre (VERC), funded by C&A Foundation and contracted via CARE USA. The project began in November 2014 and aimed to enhance resilience within six targeted urban communities and three targeted institutions in Gazipur City Corporation (GCC), Bangladesh. The independent evaluation of the project provides an objective assessment of successes, failures and missed opportunities.
International Development Enterprises (iDE);
In Bangladesh's rural areas, nearly 38 percent of households live without access to an improved latrine, and nationwide 63 million peopleuse unhygienic or shared facilities. Given how many households are affected, iDE Bangladesh believes the problem is best addressed by developing connections and creating consensus so that the resources and expertise of all stakeholders—public, private, and development—can be leveraged together to come up with creative solutions.
International humanitarian agencies and donors have made a series of global commitments to local actors as part of the localization agenda, including to increase their access to greater direct funding by 2020. This briefing paper reviews 2015 national financial data for Bangladesh and Uganda to better understand how to target international investments in localization. It presents key findings from Oxfam-commissioned research on which factors affect local actors' ability to access international humanitarian funding. It concludes that in order for global commitments to translate into practice, investments should look at changing the terms of the funding relationship, as well as be based on a context-specific, national analysis of the financial environment.
This analysis looks at unpaid care work patterns in both Rohingya and host communities in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. The aim is to recognize the care work done by women and find ways of reducing or redistributing this work. The analysis examines the level of acceptance for sharing care responsibilities, as well as the differences in care work between host and Rohingya communities. Overall, findings from the RCA show that the vast majority of care work is conducted by women across both groups. On average, women perform 70 hours of care work a week and men do 11 hours, with firewood and water collection being the most difficult tasks. Recommendations from the analysis include provision of water containers for water storage; opportunities for home-based income-generating activities for the Rohingya community; advocacy for improved water networks in the host community; and environmentally friendly firewood replacements, among others. This will ensure reduction and redistribution of care work and lead to improved programmes, with potential for women's empowerment.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED);
Citing an external evaluation commissioned in 2001, this paper describes WaterAid's WASH program implemented by local NGOs in Bangladeshi slums of Dhaka and Chittagong. The program involved training NGO staff in technical issues, participatory methods for baseline studies, community mobilization and capacity-building, and hygiene education. Partners provided connections to metropolitan water authority lines, tubewells, sanitation blocks, community latrines, pit latrines, footpaths, drainage improvement, and solid waste management. Besides health benefits, a goal of the program was to create a sense of citizenship for socially marginalized slum dwellers. To this end, water points were managed by committees of local women. Overall, the evaluation found the program to be effective in providing facilities and especially in making headway in negotiations with corporations and water and sewage authorities to gain access to legal water connections. Yet, reaching the poorest of citizens while getting cost-recovery for suppliers proved to be a challenge for which new cost-sharing arrangements would need to be conceived.