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JMIR Public Health Surveillance;
Background: Approximately 128 countries and 3.9 billion people are at risk of dengue infection. Incidence of dengue has increased over the past decades, becoming a growing public health concern for countries with populations that are increasingly susceptible to this vector-borne disease, such as Sri Lanka. Almost 55,150 dengue cases were reported in Sri Lanka in 2016, with more than 30.40% of cases (n=16,767) originating from Colombo, which struggles with an outdated manual paper-based dengue outbreak management system. Community education and outreach about dengue are also executed using paper-based media channels such as pamphlets and brochures. Yet, Sri Lanka is one of the countries with the most affordable rates of mobile services in the world, with penetration rates higher than most developing countries.Objectives: To combat the issues of an exhausted dengue management system and to make use of new technology, in 2015, a mobile participatory system for dengue surveillance called Mo-Buzz was developed and launched in Colombo, Sri Lanka. This paper describes the system's components and uptake, along with other similar disease surveillance systems.Methods: We developed Mo-Buzz and tested its feasibility for dengue. Two versions of the app were developed. The first was for use by public health inspectors (PHIs) to digitize form filling and recording of site visit information, and track dengue outbreaks on a real-time dengue hotspot map using the global positioning system technology. The system also provides updated dengue infographics and educational materials for the PHIs to educate the general public.The second version of Mo-Buzz was created for use by the general public. This system uses dynamic mapping to help educate and inform the general public about potential outbreak regions and allow them to report dengue symptoms and post pictures of potential dengue mosquito–breeding sites, which are automatically sent to the health authorities. Targeted alerts can be sent to users depending on their geographical location.Results: We assessed the usage and the usability of the app and its impact on overall dengue transmission in Colombo. Initial uptake of Mo-Buzz for PHIs was low; however, after more training and incentivizing of usage, the uptake of the app in PHIs increased from less than 10% (n=3) to 76% (n=38). The general public user evaluation feedback was fruitful in providing improvements to the app, and at present, a number of solutions are being reviewed as viable options to boost user uptake.Conclusions: From our Mo-Buzz study, we have learned that initial acceptance of such systems can be slow but eventually positive. Mobile and social media interventions, such as Mo-Buzz, are poised to play a greater role in shaping risk perceptions and managing seasonal and sporadic outbreaks of infectious diseases in Asia and around the world.
In 2010, 350 families of farmers and fisherfolk living in Paanama, a coastal village in the east of Sri Lanka, were forcibly and violently evicted from lands they had cultivated and lived on for over forty years. These lands were taken over by the military to establish camps, and they are now being used to promote tourism. Oxfam calls on the Government of Sri Lanka to implement their decisions on immediate release of these lands back to the community which depends on them for livelihoods and food.Ã‚Â Take action here.This briefing note is part of the initiative Land Rights Now: The Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights.Ã‚Â
Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium;
This is the first survey on individual giving in Sri Lanka. It is expected that the knowledge generated by the project will highlight more local resources and encourage non-profit institutions to consider individuals as potential givers and a more sustainable source of funding.
Impact Investment Exchange (IIX);
Authored in collaboration with Oxfam, this research maps social enterprises within the agriculture sector, identifies the key challenges they face, and makes recommendations for donors and development agencies looking to support the space in Sri Lanka. Findings and recommendations developed based on secondary research and field survey of social enterprises in Sri Lanka.
The 8th brief in ICAN's "What the Women Say" series focuses on women in Sri Lanka's northern provinces in the aftermath of war. Drawing on a survey conducted in ten war-torn districts and discussions with over 450 women, it eflects on women's legal gains and their activism for peace and human rights while also highlighting the critical security, economic and social risks that many women face.
The "Improving socio-economic conditions of paddy farmers in East Sri Lanka" project aims to contribute to conflict mitigation and recovery in the north and east districts of Sri Lanka. Specific project activities included renovation of large-scale infrastructure, including rehabilitation of dams and irrigation schemes. This was supported by interventions to positively affect the paddy value-chain, such as establishing producer organisations, improving access to value-added processing, promotion of organic fertilisers and crop insurance. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in March 2013.
Impact Investment Shujog;
This report published by Shujog summarizes the market size, growth, trends, challenges, and social impact of Social Enterprises in the household energy services sector in Southeast Asia, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
On 26 December 2004, an earthquake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that hit the coasts of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, the Maldives, Malaysia, Burma, the Seychelles, and Somalia. Within the space of a few hours, the giant waves devastated thousands of kilometres of coastline and the communities that lived there. While the final death toll will never be known, official estimates indicate that at least 181,516 people perished and 49,936 remain missing. It was the world's most severe natural disaster since the East Pakistan hurricane of 1970. A further 1.8 million people were displaced into temporary camps or took refuge with communities that were unaffected. In recent times, only war, famine, and epidemics have caused more destruction.
Based on interviews with nongovernmental organizations and families affected by the 2004 tsunami, assesses the Indian and Sri Lankan governments' responses and the dynamics of relief operations. Recommends strategies for more effective future operations.
International Disability and Development Consortium (IDDC);
Report by the International Disability and Development Consortium (IDDC) aimed at promoting the inclusion of disability in emergency, conflict and refugee programmes. The particular objectives are to assess the extent of inclusion, networking and resources in post-tsunami contexts. The geographical focus was mainly on Sri Lanka, India and Indonesia. Includes a bibliography.
Grantmakers Without Borders;
Reviews the experiences of grantmaking public charities supporting relief efforts, in the contexts of armed conflict and trends in the humanitarian community. Presents best practices and lessons learned about tapping local capacity and promoting equity.
International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN);
Chapter 6 in the book Lessons Learned: Case Studies in Sustainable Use. Multiple Use Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have emerged as an important mechanism in the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. This study investigates whether there are common factors that enhance or constrain the sustainability of resource use and management within the MPAs. A comparative analysis of resource use patterns and associated socio-economic, socio-political, and institutional factors was carried out in four MPAs: Hikkaduwa Nature Reserve (Sri Lanka), Mafia Island Marine Park (Tanzania), Hon Mun Marine Protected Area (Vietnam), and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (Australia). In this investigation a simple analytic framework was used. This was broadly based on a framework developed by the Sustainable Use Specialist Group (SUSG) Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (Annex 1), and on a matrix developed by Ticco (1995) to analyse MPAs. The modified framework used provided a means of inter-regional comparison of marine protected areas and the resource use activities taking place within their boundaries.