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Earning an income is a struggle for the residents of Za'atari refugee camp in Jordan, and women's economic participation is extremely low. Oxfam initiated the Lel-Haya (For Life) project in Za'atari to build the capacities of Syrian refugee women, both in vocational training and soft skills. A small number of women involved in the project were subsequently employed by a garment factory in northern Jordan. This briefing note highlights these women's experiences, the challenges they have faced and how they have overcome them.
Women in the Middle East and North Africa region face challenges in their attempts to seek and get justice. Despite some promising legal awareness initiatives, mostly led by civil society, women's knowledge of their rights and family law is limited. They lack social capital and the financial means to claim their rights, and the systems in place to provide financial support are insufficient and often ineffective. Women's pursuit of justice is further limited by entrenched patriarchal values at community and court levels. Though some laws in the countries covered by this research have been positively amended recently, women still face discrimination in the judicial system based on their sex, their religion, and their financial status.
This report was commissioned by Oxfam and civil society organizations in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Yemen to explore the impact of the cost of legal services on women's access to justice in personal status and family law proceedings in the four countries.
Save the Children;
It is essential that opportunities for job growth are supported both for refugees in Jordan and the vulnerable communities hosting them. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) can be a key driver of job growth. Promoting MSMEs could also help to address gender inequality and protection issues for refugees in Jordan.Ã‚Â
This joint agency paper was written by the LEADERS Consortium of NGOs, which aims to contribute to the economic self-reliance, resilience and stability of Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in Jordan. It presents research conducted among women and men small business owners in central and northern Jordan on the challenges they face. It makes recommendations on how the Government of Jordan, businesses, the financial sector and NGOs can support women, refugees and Jordanian host communities to start and grow small businesses.Ã‚Â
This rapid review report has identified the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) options used in emergency settings, with decentralised wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS) and mobile wastewater treatment units performing most effectively and with minimal costs. Examples are taken from refugee camps and internally displaced people (IDP) settlements due to the Iraq war, the Israeli-Palestine conflict, and the civil wars in Syria and Sudan. WWTP options used in Finland, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Sudan and Turkey are discussed. Lessons learned from China and suggestions for the Rohingya crisis are also included.
Syrian refugees have the capacity to provide key support for service delivery and the expertise to contribute to the expansion of new productive economic sectors. This paper highlights an innovative approach to solid waste management and income generation, and aims to promote further dialogue on the role that Syrians can play in the Jordanian economy.
Jordan and Lebanon collectively make up less than one percent of the world's economy, but host around 20 percent of the world's refugees. Donors have recognized the scale of the challenges that this presents and acknowledged that humanitarian assistance must be supplemented with multi-year development support. This briefing note presents a preview of key findings from Oxfam-commissioned research in Lebanon and Jordan and concludes that for assistance to succeed in its aim of helping both refugees and poor host communities there is a need for increased democratic ownership, transparency and accountability in donor and government aid policies.Ã‚Â
Oxfam has piloted the Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) tool as a way to increase and improve the accountability Oxfam provides to refugees in Za'atari Camp in Jordan. This evaluation finds that there are several technological improvements that can and should be made to the tool, as well as internal improvements to the culture of accountability within Oxfam's programme in Za'atari Camp. The results of this evaluation are clear that the tool should continue to be developed and improved, and tested in other contexts. The potential for the feedback tool is greater than could be trialled during the short pilot period, and increasing the concentration on informal feedback, as was initially conceived prior to the pilot, should be prioritized in future trials. The management response to the evaluation is also available to download.
Overseas Development Institute;
This working paper aims to identify key research questions around the successes and failures of urban governance structures in delivering essential services to populations following large migration movements.
It does so through a review of the existing literature on the subject. It then unpacks how conflict-induced migration has affected Jordan's urban infrastructure and systems for the provision of basic services.
In conclusion, we call for a research agenda that can help utilities, governments, non-governmental organisations and other service providers to better understand and overcome the challenges of sanitation provision in urban contexts 'under stress', without reinforcing existing inequalities or creating new ones, and to progress towards realising the Sustainable Development Goals' aspirations for 'universal access to adequate and equitable sanitation' by 2030.
This report sets out the findings of a seven-month qualitative study commissioned by Oxfam and conducted in Lebanon, Jordan and Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) by researchers from the American University of Beirut. The aim of the study was to explore the role customary institutions play in maintaining gender inequality, and how changes in individual perceptions and attitudes on gender equality can lead to changes in the social and political spheres. Stakeholders and focus group participants discussed their views on a range of issues including women's economic participation; the role of media and education in driving change; religious interpretation; and what gender equality means in practice.
Consortium for Policy Research in Education;
In 2007, the Columbia University Middle East Research Center (CUMERC), with the support and patronage of Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah, facilitated the founding of the Queen Rania Teacher Academy (QRTA) to help advance education in Jordan and throughout the Middle East. Through CUMERC, QRTA and Teachers College, Columbia University (TC) formed a new partnership whose goal was to use high quality in-service training to improve the quality of the public schools in Jordan. The Consortium for Policy in Education at TC (CPRE) took on this work and began collaborating with QRTA to engage current educators in the adoption and use of evidence-based instructional practices in Jordan's elementary and secondary schools. This initiative became known as the School Networks Learning Project and supported networks of schools in different regions of the country as vehicles for providing professional development of teachers in English, mathematics, and science as well as leadership training for principals and education supervisors to support the desired changes in classroom practice.
Five core practices were emphasized during the professional development with the goal being that teachers would focus on these practices and take them back to their classrooms. Schools and teachers made a 2 to 3 year commitment to the project. At the time of the writing of this report, three cohorts have completed the Project and two additional cohorts have begun the Project. Across the three completed cohorts, 2,158 teachers, 894 school leaders, and 104 other educators participated in the School Network Project, totaling 3,130 participants over the almost six years of the Project's implementation.
The Refugee Perceptions Study aims to assess the needs of refugees from Syria residing in Jordan by looking at both objective data and perceptions of the situation from the perspective of the refugees themselves.The purpose of this is to allow organizations to identify new challenges and gaps in aid assistance efforts in Jordan.
Those surveyed for this study reside in areas where Oxfam has operations or is planning to provide assistance, including Za'atari Camp Districts 6, 7, and 8, Zarqa and Balqa Governorates, and the informal settlements in Jawa (southeast Amman) and the Jordan Valley.
This is the first-ever impact report of CARE's water+ program, which currently comprises more than 180 projects in over 40 countries. The study is a meta-analysis of 51 project evaluations, each scored against the three domains of the water+ theory of change: secure and sustainable access to services; gender-sensitive policies, institutions and norms; and gender-equitable control over services. Ten projects are also presented as case studies. The report concludes that there is a need to re-assess programming approaches and make more deliberate efforts to use water+ programs to orchestrate broader change.