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Media Interventions and the Syrian Crisis: Can We Do More? seeks to create a deeper understanding of the role of media interventions as strategic drivers of impact on the ongoing Syrian crisis.In exploring the impact of media interventions in this context, we conducted a landscape scan and a review of programs and approaches conducted by FilmAid, the nonprofit organization that collaborated with us on this paper.
This report presents the results of an independent evaluation of the Giving Refugees a Voice initiative, a pilot project implemented between January 2017 and 2018 by Equiception, Corporate Social Responsibility Association of Turkey (CSR Turkey) and an undisclosed technology partner. The initiative, funded by C&A Foundation with a grant of Euros 450,123, aimed to improve the working conditions for Syrian refugees in the apparel sector in Turkey. The pilot initiative used social media monitoring technology to analyse the public Facebook posts of millions of refugees associated with the apparel sector in Turkey. This Social Media Analysis aimed to demonstrate the systematic presence of Syrians working informally in the supply chains of the apparel sector. The purpose of this analysis was to galvanise brands, MultiStakeholder Initiatives, employers, and others to take actions and make changes that would directly improve the working conditions for Syrian men, women and young people in Turkey.
Save the Children;
The TDR Results Report illustrates progress made against the 23 key performance indicators that are part of the monitoring and evaluation matrix, in line with the current Performance Assessment Framework.The report shows progress made on various performance indicators related to three overarching categories related to not only on what is done (technical expected results), but also on how it is done (application of organizational core values and managerial performance).The report notes a high implementation rate, numerous new health tools that are being used in critical areas, and an expanded education and training programme, particularly focused on researchers in disease endemic countries. It provides summaries of activities to increase equity, such as increasing opportunities for women. The report includes a series of lessons learnt that have further improved the Programme's managerial effectiveness.
Today more than ever, the international community must share responsibility and stand firmly in support of Syria's civilian population. It is clear however that the aid response, as vital as it is, will only go so far and cannot fully address the needs of Syrian communities to be free from violence and the violations of international human rights (IHRL) and humanitarian law (IHL) that characterize the conflict.In this briefing, Oxfam joins with a variety of agencies and coordination fora to call on all members of the international community, in particular permanent members of the UN Security Council and the EU and EU member states who are discussing post-agreement planning, to insist on the full implementation of relevant UN Security Council resolutions on Syria that relate to respect for IHL and IHRL, as well as implementation of the Geneva CommuniquÃƒÂ© of 2012.The Brussels conference should also set the foundation for inclusive and meaningful participation of Syrian NGOs and civil society, including youth and women's groups, as key partners in ensuring effective post-agreement planning that captures the needs and desires of the people of Syria and supports local community rebuilding and resilience.
Syrian refugees and Palestine refugees from Syria have fled their homes in search of safety. But Oxfam's 2017 research revealed that most people interviewed do not consider that they have found complete safety and protection in Lebanon. Refugees' views on what constitutes 'safety' are individual and subjective. This paper argues that the international community and host governments should not make decisions for refugees about what or where is 'safe', but instead should support refugees to find safety in the present, and determine their futures for themselves.
European Leadership Network;
The Task Force on Cooperation in Greater Europe recently released its fourth position paper highlighting the inherent threats stemming from the crisis in Syria. The paper,"Countering Threats in the Middle East," focuses on the Syrian conflict, highlighting the need for effective communication and cooperation. It also draws attention to the "proxy war" that's arisen out of the current unrest in Syria, and specifically calls on leaders in Russia and Turkey to deescalate current tensions and work toward a less adversary relationship.The report makes three specific recommendations directed toward the European and greater international community: avoid interstate conflict in Syria, refocus on fighting ISIS to prevent its reemergence, and work together to bring the Syrian conflict to a close. Unlike other international approaches to the regional conflict, the task for urges the international community to come together in a multilateral diplomatic fashion to quell the crisis.The Task force is made up of foreign leaders and defense ministers from countries across Europe, including Russia, Turkey, the UK, Poland, Ukraine, and France. It's supported by independent analysis done by the Russian International Affairs Council, the Polish Institute of International Affairs and the International Strategic Research Organisation in Ankara and Carnegie Corporation of New York grantee the European Leadership Network. The paper is the latest in a series of position papers.
This report attempts to chronicle the evolution of the Eastern Ghouta's politics since 2011, with a focus on the relations between local armed factions. Much could undoubtedly be written about how the Syrian government and its supporters have reacted to events in the Eastern Ghouta, but such analysis falls outside the scope of this report except as it touches directly on events inside the enclave.Unable to carry out research in the Eastern Ghouta or even meaningfully in Damascus to investigate these issues, I have instead relied on interviews with Syrians inside and outside the enclave, several of whom have to remain anonymous or are referred to by a pseudonym. Some interviews have been conducted in person, but most have taken place through Skype, phone, and email, or via Internet-based services such as WhatsApp, Telegram, Twitter, Viber, and Facebook.I have drawn a great deal of material from press statements by the relevant rebel factions and from Syrian government communications, as well as from online news sources and opposition forums in Arabic and English. Many rebel commanders maintain an active presence on Twitter and Facebook, and local activists have produced a wealth of commentary on social networking sites. Last but not least, coverage over the past few years by Syrian and international media, including from other Arab countries, has been an invaluable resource.Nonetheless, the dearth of systematic research and the lack of reliable source material has been a severe problem. In many cases I have been forced to piece together key events and context by collecting and comparing scraps of limited, biased, or contradictory data. Despite my best efforts, this report is certain to contain errors of fact and interpretation, and I would like to stress that those failures are mine alone; no interviewee or other source should be held responsible for any of the descriptions, conclusions, or opinions expressed.
Danish Refugee Council;
The 'Supporting Syria and the Region' conference held in London on 4 February 2016 agreed 'a comprehensive new approach on how to respond to this protracted crisis. The promises made in London have the potential to make a significant contribution to improving the lives of both refugee and vulnerable host communities in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey: the three countries hosting approximately 75 percent of refugees from Syria. However, the conference has failed to deliver with regard to the core issues of the protection of civilians inside Syria and of refugees in neighbouring countries.This joint agency report sets out what needs to be done to make the London commitments a reality - including making pledged funding available, clear plans for improving access to livelihoods for refugees Ã‚Â and regulatory changes in host countries.
March 2016 marks five years of upheaval and conflict in Syria - conflict that has reduced lives to shadows and cities to rubble. The Syrian government and its allies, as well as armed opposition and extremist groups, bear the primary and direct responsibility for the horrific reality that Syria's civilians face on this grim anniversary. They have targeted civilians, laid siege to cities and towns and denied access to life-saving assistance.This paper examines what the UN Security Council demands happen in Syria; the situation since March 2015, and significant actions by the Permanent Members of the UNSC. In the first months of 2016 and at time of drafting this paper, some progress has been made in securing greater humanitarian access to those in besieged areas and a cessation of hostilities in parts of the country which has resulted in a significant decrease in civilian casualties. These are important steps that should be recognised and built on, but they remain fragile and limited in the context of the overall deterioration experienced by civilians inside Syria over the last horrendous year of violence.
The number of people in need as a result of the conflict in Syria continues to rise, but the international aid response has failed to keep up. The donor conference in London on 4 February 2016 is another opportunity to reverse that trend and put Syrian civilians first. Oxfam is calling for rich states to commit to fully funding this year's Syria crisis response appeal and to resettle 10 percent of all registered Syrian refugees by the end of 2016.Oxfam has developed indicators to determine the fair level of commitment that each wealthy country should make to the appeals in 2016 to alleviate the suffering of those affected by the Syria crisis.
Oxfam's research shows that less than three percent of the Syrian refugee population have actually arrived in rich countries through resettlement programmes. By analysing resettlement policies and practices in eight key countries, looking at capacity (i.e. investment in staff and facilities), security procedures, resettlement criteria and the general political climate towards refugees, this paper shows why resettling at least 10 percent of the refugee population from Syria is both necessary and possible.
As the Syrian crisis enters its sixth year, the world is witness to what has been characterized as the largest humanitarian emergency of our time. More than 11 million people have fled their homes, of whom around five million have sought refuge in neighbouring countries. Lebanon is hosting 1.5 million refugees from Syria, and 31,500 registered Palestinian refugees from Syria as of December 2016.This report presents the results of Oxfam's research project which looked at the perceptions and expectations of refugees in Lebanon in relation to their future, their present situation and their past experiences. It aims to open up discussion on lasting solutions that will allow refugees to influence the decisions being made and to define concepts of safe and dignified living. The report argues that the perceptions, lived experiences and expectations of the refugees themselves should be the building blocks of their future, whereby freedom to make choices is a fundamental component of dignity.