World Bank Group;
In recent years, skills development has become a priority among developed and developing countries alike. The World Bank Group, in its quest to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity, has joined efforts with countries and multilateral development partners to ensure that individuals have access to quality education and training opportunities and that employers can find the skills they need to operate. The skills towards employability and productivity (STEP) skills measurement program is part of the World Bank's portfolio of analytical products on skills. The STEP program consists of two survey instruments that collect information on the supply and demand for skills in urban areas: a household survey and an employer survey. STEP has been implemented in waves, the first surveys being implemented in seven countries in 2012 (Bolivia, Colombia, Ghana, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic (PDR), Ukraine, Vietnam, and the Yunnan Province in China), and the second in five countries in 2013 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kenya, and Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of (FYR)). The data presented in this publication correspond to these countries. It illustrates the similarities and differences among groups that have completed different education levels on a wide range of issues and outcomes. Section one analyzes the trajectory of skills acquisition: participation in early childhood education programs, educational attainment by gender, and participation in training and apprenticeship programs. Section two explores background conditions associated with educational attainment, including the socioeconomic status of survey respondents at age 15, the educational attainment of their parents, their households' asset levels, their health (as expressed by the presence of chronic illness), and their overall satisfaction with life. Section three covers cognitive skills: writing, numeracy, and reading (which is also evaluated through a direct reading assessment). Section four covers job-relevant skills, which are task-specific and which respondents possess or use on the job; and section five covers socio-emotional skills, using established metrics to measure personality and behavior. Section six covers the status of survey respondents in the labor market: whether they are employed, unemployed, or inactive.
This accountability review is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2013/14. The report documents the findings from a review carried out in May 2014 which examines the degree to which Oxfam meets its own standards for accountability.
The 'Promoting children and youth as agents of change' project in Georgia is part of the global programme 'My Rights, My Voice' and focuses on child and youth rights to receive education and health care. The project has been implemented in seven other countries, and in Georgia since 2011, by three partner organizations. The purpose of the project is to promote child and youth health rights in two regions of Georgia - Samegrelo and Shida Kartli - directly benefiting young people between 14 and 18 years, family doctors and local civil society organisations (CSOs).
This assignment examined accountability to partners and communities in terms of transparency, feedback/listening and, participation - three key dimensions of Accountability for Oxfam. In addition it asked questions around partnership practices, staff attitudes, and satisfaction (how useful the project is to people and how wisely the money on this project has been spent) where appropriate.
Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
The "Effective Civil Society Development and Improved Access to Quality Healthcare for Poor People in Georgia" project aimed to strengthen and broaden the existing NGO coalition "Future without Poverty" and monitor ongoing health care reforms. This included reporting possible negative effects to the responsible authorities and main health service providers and pressing for improvements. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in February 2012, which used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the project .
During the period 25-30 April 2005, a combination of torrential rains and snow melting caused heavy flooding in the Republic of Georgia. The floods caused massive landslides and mudflows that led to the damage and loss of agricultural land; destroyed homes, livestock and water drainage systems; roads and bridges swept away, isolating many communities in mountainous areas. This six-month project focused on the Khulo District and was implemented in partnership with the Red Cross Society of Georgia. The expected outcome was to reduce public health risks to 6,400 affected men, women and children through the provision of affordable, accessible and usable water and sanitation facilities, as well as provide mitigation, preparedness and disaster response training for communities and institutions. The responsibility for the maintenance of rehabilitated water systems was to be handed over to the local water authorities. This final evaluation sought to improve institutional learning, and enhance performance and accountability, through impact assessment and highlighting best practice.